300+ Top Civil Disobedience Movement MCQs and Answers

Civil Disobedience Movement Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was the impact of the Civil Disobedience Movement on the Indian National Congress?

A. It led to the dissolution of the Congress party.
B. It strengthened the Congress as a political force.
C. It caused the Congress to split into multiple factions.
D. It had no significant impact on the Congress.

Answer: B It strengthened the Congress as a political force.

2. Who was the first Indian woman to be arrested during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Indira Gandhi
B. Annie Besant
C. Sarojini Naidu
D. Kamala Nehru

Answer: C Sarojini Naidu

3. Which incident during the Civil Disobedience Movement resulted in the killing of several protesters by the British police in Punjab?

A. Dandi March
B. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
C. Bardoli Satyagraha
D. Chauri Chaura Incident

Answer: B Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

4. What was the primary mode of protest during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Armed uprising
B. Non-cooperation
C. Boycott of foreign goods
D. Passive resistance

Answer: C Boycott of foreign goods

5. Who among the following was not associated with the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Jawaharlal Nehru
B. Rajendra Prasad
C. Bhagat Singh
D. Sardar Patel

Answer: C Bhagat Singh

6. Which Indian leader was known as the “Iron Man of India” and played a significant role in the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Jawaharlal Nehru
B. Sardar Patel
C. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
D. Subhas Chandra Bose

Answer: B Sardar Patel

7. What was the significance of the salt tax during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. It funded the British military.
B. It was a symbol of British economic exploitation.
C. It supported Indian farmers.
D. It was used for infrastructure development.

Answer: B It was a symbol of British economic exploitation.

8. Who was Mahatma Gandhi’s close associate and secretary during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Jawaharlal Nehru
B. Subhas Chandra Bose
C. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
D. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Answer: B Subhas Chandra Bose

9. What was the demand made by the Indian National Congress in the “11 Demands” during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Immediate withdrawal of British troops from India
B. Complete independence for India
C. Greater representation in the British Parliament
D. Abolition of the salt tax

Answer: C Greater representation in the British Parliament

10. Which event triggered the official suspension of the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1931?

A. The declaration of World War II
B. The assassination of Mahatma Gandhi
C. The arrest of Jawaharlal Nehru
D. The bombing of the Viceroy’s residence

Answer: A The declaration of World War II

Civil Disobedience Movement MCQs

11. What was the name of the ship on which Mahatma Gandhi sailed to attend the Second Round Table Conference in London in 1931?

A. SS Rajputana
B. HMS India
C. SS Viceroy
D. RMS Queen Mary

Answer: A SS Rajputana

12. Who represented the British government at the Second Round Table Conference in 1931?

A. Winston Churchill
B. Lord Mountbatten
C. Ramsay MacDonald
D. Lord Curzon

Answer: C Ramsay MacDonald

13. Which prominent Dalit leader participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement and supported Mahatma Gandhi?

A. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
B. Jyotirao Phule
C. Kanshi Ram
D. Jagjivan Ram

Answer: A Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

14. What was the outcome of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact of 1931?

A. Immediate independence for India
B. An end to the Civil Disobedience Movement
C. The partition of India
D. Formation of the Constituent Assembly

Answer: B An end to the Civil Disobedience Movement

15. What was the response of the Indian National Congress to the rejection of the demands at the Second Round Table Conference?

A. They intensified the Civil Disobedience Movement.
B. They dissolved the Congress party.
C. They formed a coalition government with the British.
D. They boycotted all future negotiations.

Answer: A They intensified the Civil Disobedience Movement.

16. Who was the first European to join Mahatma Gandhi’s Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Annie Besant
B. C. F. Andrews
C. Lord Mountbatten
D. Jawaharlal Nehru

Answer: B C. F. Andrews

17. Who was the leader of the Civil Disobedience Movement in India?

A. Jawaharlal Nehru
B. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
C. Mahatma Gandhi
D. Subhas Chandra Bose

Answer: C Mahatma Gandhi

18. When did the Civil Disobedience Movement officially begin?

A. 1920
B. 1930
C. 1942
D. 1919

Answer: B 1930

19. What was the main objective of the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Achieving complete independence from British rule
B. Promoting religious tolerance
C. Demanding better economic opportunities
D. Establishing a communist government

Answer: A Achieving complete independence from British rule

20. Which famous march marked the beginning of the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Quit India Movement
B. Dandi March
C. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
D. Simon Commission Protest

Answer: B Dandi March

21. What was the key symbol of the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Salt
B. Textiles
C. Tea
D. Rice

Answer: A Salt

22. Which of the following acts was targeted during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Government of India Act, 1935
B. Indian Councils Act, 1909
C. Rowlatt Act, 1919
D. Pitt’s India Act, 1784

Answer: A Government of India Act, 1935

23. What was the slogan associated with the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. “Inquilab Zindabad”
B. “Do or Die”
C. “Jai Hind”
D. “Vande Mataram”

Answer: B “Do or Die”

24. Who was the Viceroy of India during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Lord Mountbatten
B. Lord Curzon
C. Lord Irwin
D. Lord Chelmsford

Answer: C Lord Irwin

25. Which state in India saw a famous salt march led by Sarojini Naidu during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Maharashtra
B. Tamil Nadu
C. Kerala
D. Andhra Pradesh

Answer: B Tamil Nadu

26. Which event marked the end of the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1931?

A. The signing of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact
B. The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
C. The formation of the Indian National Congress
D. The Quit India Movement

Answer: A The signing of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact

27. What was the reaction of the British government to the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. They immediately granted full independence to India.
B. They implemented harsher repressive measures.
C. They invited Gandhi for negotiations.
D. They declared a state of emergency.

Answer: B They implemented harsher repressive measures.

28. What event marked the official end of the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. The passage of the Government of India Act, 1935
B. The arrest of Mahatma Gandhi
C. The suspension of the Indian National Congress
D. The announcement of the Simon Commission

Answer: A The passage of the Government of India Act, 1935

29. What impact did the Civil Disobedience Movement have on the Indian masses?

A. It united people across religious and caste lines.
B. It caused widespread communal riots.
C. It led to the formation of regional political parties.
D. It had no significant impact on the masses.

Answer: A It united people across religious and caste lines.

30. Which famous leader from the North-West Frontier Province (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan) supported the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Abdul Ghaffar Khan
B. Liaquat Ali Khan
C. Allama Iqbal
D. Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Answer: A Abdul Ghaffar Khan

31. What was the name of the saltworks where Mahatma Gandhi and his followers broke the salt laws?

A. Dandi Saltworks
B. Sabarmati Saltworks
C. Bardoli Saltworks
D. Juhu Saltworks

Answer: A Dandi Saltworks

32. What was the primary source of revenue for the British government in India during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Income tax
B. Salt tax
C. Land revenue
D. Customs duties

Answer: C Land revenue

33. Who was the Governor-General of India when the Civil Disobedience Movement began?

A. Lord Mountbatten
B. Lord Curzon
C. Lord Irwin
D. Lord Chelmsford

Answer: C Lord Irwin

34. Which famous Indian poet wrote patriotic songs and poems during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Rabindranath Tagore
B. Kazi Nazrul Islam
C. Mirza Ghalib
D. Kalidasa

Answer: B Kazi Nazrul Islam

35. What role did the Indian National Congress play in the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. It actively participated and led the movement.
B. It remained neutral and did not support the movement.
C. It opposed the movement and collaborated with the British.
D. It played a minor role in the movement.

Answer: A It actively participated and led the movement.

36. Which Indian state saw the famous Bardoli Satyagraha as a part of the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Punjab
B. Gujarat
C. Maharashtra
D. Bihar

Answer: B Gujarat

37. What was the objective of the Dharasana Satyagraha during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. To protest against the salt tax
B. To demand complete independence
C. To boycott foreign cloth
D. To promote communal harmony

Answer: A To protest against the salt tax

38. Who was the author of the book “My Experiments with Truth,” which detailed Mahatma Gandhi’s life and philosophy?

A. Jawaharlal Nehru
B. Rabindranath Tagore
C. Mahatma Gandhi
D. Sardar Patel

Answer: C Mahatma Gandhi

39. What was the nickname given to the prison in which Mahatma Gandhi was imprisoned during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Freedom House
B. Satyagraha Jail
C. Yerwada Jail
D. Sabarmati Ashram

Answer: B Satyagraha Jail

40. Who was the British viceroy during the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, which had a significant impact on the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Lord Mountbatten
B. Lord Curzon
C. Lord Irwin
D. Lord Chelmsford

Answer: D Lord Chelmsford

41. What was the outcome of the First Round Table Conference held in London in 1930?

A. Agreement on Indian independence
B. No significant progress
C. Complete autonomy for India
D. Immediate withdrawal of British troops

Answer: B No significant progress

42. Who was the leader of the British Labour Party who sympathized with India’s demands during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Winston Churchill
B. Clement Attlee
C. Herbert Hoover
D. Ramsay MacDonald

Answer: D Ramsay MacDonald

43. Which Indian leader presided over the Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress in 1929, where the demand for complete independence was made?

A. Sardar Patel
B. Jawaharlal Nehru
C. Subhas Chandra Bose
D. Rajendra Prasad

Answer: C Subhas Chandra Bose

44. Who was the first woman to lead a protest march during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Indira Gandhi
B. Sarojini Naidu
C. Kamala Nehru
D. Kasturba Gandhi

Answer: D Kasturba Gandhi

45. What was the significance of the “Salt Satyagraha” in the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. It marked the beginning of the movement.
B. It aimed to break the British monopoly on salt.
C. It was a protest against high salt prices.
D. It targeted the salt tax.

Answer: B It aimed to break the British monopoly on salt.

46. Who is often referred to as “Frontier Gandhi” for his role in the Civil Disobedience Movement in the North-West Frontier Province?

A. Jawaharlal Nehru
B. Sardar Patel
C. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
D. Abdul Ghaffar Khan

Answer: D Abdul Ghaffar Khan

47. What was the aim of the “No Tax Campaign” during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. To abolish all taxes in India
B. To protest against the salt tax
C. To demand greater representation in the British Parliament
D. To promote communal harmony

Answer: A To abolish all taxes in India

48. What was the role of the Indian women in the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. They were not allowed to participate.
B. They actively participated in protests and marches.
C. They worked as spies for the British.
D. They organized counter-protests against Gandhi.

Answer: B They actively participated in protests and marches.

49. What event marked the end of the “Salt Satyagraha” during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. The arrest of Mahatma Gandhi
B. The British government’s acceptance of salt demands
C. The passing of the Indian Independence Act
D. The declaration of World War II

Answer: B The British government’s acceptance of salt demands

50. Who was the president of the Indian National Congress during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Jawaharlal Nehru
B. Rajendra Prasad
C. Subhas Chandra Bose
D. Sardar Patel

Answer: C Subhas Chandra Bose

51. Which famous freedom fighter and poet wrote the poem “Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna” during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Bhagat Singh
B. Allama Iqbal
C. Kazi Nazrul Islam
D. Ram Prasad Bismil

Answer: D Ram Prasad Bismil

52. What was the significance of the “Namak Satyagraha” in Tamil Nadu during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. It targeted the salt tax.
B. It demanded equal rights for Dalits.
C. It promoted communal harmony.
D. It called for the boycott of foreign goods.

Answer: A It targeted the salt tax.

53. What was the response of the Indian business community to the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. They actively supported it.
B. They remained neutral.
C. They opposed it.
D. They formed their own political party.

Answer: B They remained neutral.

54. What was the role of the All India Khilafat Committee during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. It supported the British government.
B. It called for the boycott of foreign goods.
C. It led the Civil Disobedience Movement.
D. It supported the Khilafat Movement but did not participate in Civil Disobedience.

Answer: D It supported the Khilafat Movement but did not participate in Civil Disobedience.

55. Which Indian leader played a crucial role in negotiations with the British government that led to the end of the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Jawaharlal Nehru
B. Subhas Chandra Bose
C. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
D. Mahatma Gandhi

Answer: D Mahatma Gandhi

56. What was the immediate cause of the suspension of the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. The outbreak of World War II
B. The arrest of Jawaharlal Nehru
C. The assassination of Mahatma Gandhi
D. The withdrawal of British troops from India

Answer: A The outbreak of World War II

57. Who was the first British official to negotiate with Mahatma Gandhi on behalf of the British government during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Lord Linlithgow
B. Lord Curzon
C. Lord Irwin
D. Lord Chelmsford

Answer: C Lord Irwin

58. What was the role of the Salt Satyagraha in the overall strategy of the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. It was the primary mode of protest.
B. It was a symbolic act that drew attention to British oppression.
C. It aimed to create a salt monopoly.
D. It demanded the complete withdrawal of British troops.

Answer: B It was a symbolic act that drew attention to British oppression.

59. Who coined the term “Civil Disobedience”?

A. Jawaharlal Nehru
B. Subhas Chandra Bose
C. Mahatma Gandhi
D. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Answer: C Mahatma Gandhi

60. What impact did the Civil Disobedience Movement have on the British government’s policies towards India?

A. It led to a more repressive approach.
B. It accelerated the process of granting independence.
C. It had no effect on British policies.
D. It resulted in the division of India.

Answer: B It accelerated the process of granting independence.

61. Who was the first Indian woman to be arrested during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Indira Gandhi
B. Annie Besant
C. Sarojini Naidu
D. Kamala Nehru

Answer: C Sarojini Naidu

62. Which event during the Civil Disobedience Movement is often cited as an example of non-violence turning violent, leading Mahatma Gandhi to suspend the movement temporarily?

A. Dandi March
B. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
C. Bardoli Satyagraha
D. Chauri Chaura Incident

Answer: D Chauri Chaura Incident

63. What was the primary mode of protest during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Armed uprising
B. Non-cooperation
C. Boycott of foreign goods
D. Passive resistance

Answer: C Boycott of foreign goods

64. Who among the following was not associated with the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Jawaharlal Nehru
B. Rajendra Prasad
C. Bhagat Singh
D. Sardar Patel

Answer: C Bhagat Singh

65. Who is often referred to as the “Iron Man of India” and played a significant role in the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Jawaharlal Nehru
B. Sardar Patel
C. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
D. Subhas Chandra Bose

Answer: B Sardar Patel

66. What was the significance of the salt tax during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. It funded the British military.
B. It was a symbol of British economic exploitation.
C. It supported Indian farmers.
D. It was used for infrastructure development.

Answer: B It was a symbol of British economic exploitation.

67. Who was Mahatma Gandhi’s close associate and secretary during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Jawaharlal Nehru
B. Subhas Chandra Bose
C. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
D. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Answer: B Subhas Chandra Bose

68. What was the demand made by the Indian National Congress in the “11 Demands” during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Immediate withdrawal of British troops from India
B. Complete independence for India
C. Greater representation in the British Parliament
D. Abolition of the salt tax

Answer: C Greater representation in the British Parliament

69. Which event triggered the official suspension of the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1931?

A. The declaration of World War II
B. The assassination of Mahatma Gandhi
C. The arrest of Jawaharlal Nehru
D. The bombing of the Viceroy’s residence

Answer: A The declaration of World War II

70. What was the name of the ship on which Mahatma Gandhi sailed to attend the Second Round Table Conference in London in 1931?

A. SS Rajputana
B. HMS India
C. SS Viceroy
D. RMS Queen Mary

Answer: A SS Rajputana

71. Who represented the British government at the Second Round Table Conference in 1931?

A. Winston Churchill
B. Lord Mountbatten
C. Ramsay MacDonald
D. Lord Curzon

Answer: C Ramsay MacDonald

72. Which Indian leader presided over the Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress in 1929, where the demand for complete independence was made?

A. Sardar Patel
B. Jawaharlal Nehru
C. Subhas Chandra Bose
D. Rajendra Prasad

Answer: C Subhas Chandra Bose

73. Who was the first European to join Mahatma Gandhi’s Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Annie Besant
B. C. F. Andrews
C. Lord Mountbatten
D. Jawaharlal Nehru

Answer: B C. F. Andrews

74. What was the role of the All India Khilafat Committee during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. It supported the British government.
B. It called for the boycott of foreign goods.
C. It led the Civil Disobedience Movement.
D. It supported the Khilafat Movement but did not participate in Civil Disobedience.

Answer: D It supported the Khilafat Movement but did not participate in Civil Disobedience.

75. Who was the first British official to negotiate with Mahatma Gandhi on behalf of the British government during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Lord Linlithgow
B. Lord Curzon
C. Lord Irwin
D. Lord Chelmsford

Answer: C Lord Irwin

76. What was the immediate cause of the suspension of the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. The outbreak of World War II
B. The arrest of Jawaharlal Nehru
C. The assassination of Mahatma Gandhi
D. The withdrawal of British troops from India

Answer: A The outbreak of World War II

77. What was the role of the Salt Satyagraha in the overall strategy of the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. It was the primary mode of protest.
B. It was a symbolic act that drew attention to British oppression.
C. It aimed to create a salt monopoly.
D. It demanded the complete withdrawal of British troops.

Answer: B It was a symbolic act that drew attention to British oppression.

78. What impact did the Civil Disobedience Movement have on the British government’s policies towards India?

A. It led to a more repressive approach.
B. It accelerated the process of granting independence.
C. It had no effect on British policies.
D. It resulted in the division of India.

Answer: B It accelerated the process of granting independence.

79. Who is often referred to as the “Iron Man of India” and played a significant role in the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Jawaharlal Nehru
B. Sardar Patel
C. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
D. Subhas Chandra Bose

Answer: B Sardar Patel

80. What was the significance of the salt tax during the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. It funded the British military.
B. It was a symbol of British economic exploitation.
C. It supported Indian farmers.
D. It was used for infrastructure development.

Answer: B It was a symbol of British economic exploitation.

81. In 1930, Mahatma Gandhi started the Civil Disobedience Movement from [1995]

A. Sevagram
B. Dandi
C. Sabarmati
D. Wardha

Answer: C

82. The meeting of Indian and British political leaders during 1930–32 in London has often been referred to as the First, Second & Third Round Table Conferences. It would be incorrect to refer to them as such because: [1996]

A. the Indian National Congress did not take part in two of them
B. Indian parties other than the Indian National Congress, participating in the conference represented sectional interests and not the whole of India
C. the British Labour Party had withdrawn from the conference thereby making the proceeding of the conference partisan
D. It was an instance of a conference held in three sessions and not that of three separate conference

Answer: D

83. The Poona Pact which was signed between the British Government and Mahatma Gandhi in 1934 provided for [1997]

A. creation of dominion status for India
B. separate electorates for the Muslims
C. The separate electorate for the Harijans
D. A joint electorate with the reservation for Harijans

Answer: D

84. At which Congress session was the working committee authorized to launch a program of Civil Disobedience? [2005]

A. Bombay
B. Lahore
C. Lucknow
D. Tripura

Answer: B

85. Who drafted the resolution on fundamental rights for the Karachi Session of Congress in 1931? [2005]

A. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
B. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
C. Dr. Rajendra Prasad
D. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Answer: B

86. Consider the following statements: [2005]

1. In the First Round Table Conference, Dr. Ambedkar demanded separate electorates for the depressed classes.
2. In the Poona Act, special provisions for the representation of the depressed people in the local bodies and civil services were made.
3. The Indian National Congress did not take part in the Third Round Table Conference.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A. 1 and 2
B. 2 and 3
C. 1 and 3
D. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C

87. Which one of the following began with the Dandi March? [2009]

A. Home Rule Movement
B. Non-Cooperation Movement
C. Civil Disobedience Movement
D. Quit India Movement

Answer: C

88. Mahatma Gandhi undertook fast unto death in 1932, mainly because [2012 – 1]

A. Round Table Conference failed to satisfy Indian political aspirations
B. Congress and the Muslim League had differences of opinion
C. Ramsay Macdonald announced the Communal Award
D. None of the statements (a), B. and C. given above is correct in this context

Answer: C

89. Who of the following organized a march on the Tanjore coast to break the Salt Law in April 1930? [2015-I]

A. V. O. Chidambaram Pillai
B. C. Rajagopalachari
C. K. Kamaraj
D. Annie Besant

Answer: B

90. In which parts of India was the anti-Chowkidar campaign popular?

A. Bihar and Bengal
B. Tamil Nadu and Kerala
C. Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
D. United provinces

Answer: A

91. How many days did Gandhi take to complete the Dandi March?

25 days

92. Who were the women who participated in Dandi March?

Sarojini Naidu and Durga Bai Deshmukh

93. When was Salt Satyagraha launched?

6th April 1930

94. Who launched the Satyagraha in Malabar?

K Kelappan

95. Who led the Satyagraha movement in Dharasana?

Sarojini Naidu

96. Who photographed the police atrocities in Dharasana and published in England?

Web Miller

97. Match the following:

1. Dharasana Satyagraha – a. T Prakasham
2. Mypadu Satyagraha – b. M P Nadkarni
3. Ankola Satyagraha – c. B Gopal Reddy
4. Merina Beach Satyagraha – d. Sarojini Naidu

Select from the codes given below:

A. 1-a, 2-c, 3-b, 4-d.
B. 1-d, 2-c, 3-b, 4-a
C. 1-b, 2-d, 3-a, 4-c.
D. 1-d, 2-a, 3-c, 4-b

Answer: B

98. Who was appointed as the salt dictator in Andhra state?

K Venkatappaiah

99. When was Gandhiji arrested during the civil disobedience movement?

May 1930

100. Who negotiated between Gandhi and Lord Irwin?

Tej Bahadur Sapru and C Y Chintamani.

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