300+ Indus Valley Civilisation Quiz Questions and Answers

Indus Valley Civilization Quiz Questions MCQs

1. Which city was the capital of the Indus Valley Civilization?

A. Mohenjo-Daro
B. Harappa
C. Lothal
D. Kalibangan

Answer: A Mohenjo-Daro

2. What was the primary occupation of the people of the Indus Valley Civilization?

A. Agriculture
B. Trade and Commerce
C. Fishing
D. Hunting

Answer: A Agriculture

3. The Indus Valley script is yet to be deciphered. What script did they use for writing?

A. Sanskrit
B. Cuneiform
C. Indus Script
D. Hieroglyphics

Answer: C Indus Script

4. What is the alternative name for the Indus Valley Civilization?

A. Harappan Civilization
B. Vedic Civilization
C. Mesopotamian Civilization
D. Egyptian Civilization

Answer: A Harappan Civilization

5. In which modern-day countries did the Indus Valley Civilization flourish?

A. India and Pakistan
B. India and Afghanistan
C. India and Nepal
D. India and Bangladesh

Answer: A India and Pakistan

6. Which river was the most important for the Indus Valley Civilization’s development?

A. Nile River
B. Tigris River
C. Euphrates River
D. Indus River

Answer: D Indus River

7. What is the approximate time period of the Indus Valley Civilization?

A. 5000-3000 BCE
B. 2500-1500 BCE
C. 1500-1000 BCE
D. 1000-500 BCE

Answer: B 2500-1500 BCE

8. What evidence suggests that the Indus Valley Civilization had a well-planned urban layout?

A. Grid-like street system
B. Circular city walls
C. Pyramids
D. Randomly scattered houses

Answer: A Grid-like street system

9. Which animal is prominently featured in Indus Valley seals and artifacts?

A. Elephant
B. Horse
C. Cow
D. Lion

Answer: C Cow

10. What is the largest known Indus Valley site, covering an area of 250 acres?

A. Mohenjo-Daro
B. Harappa
C. Lothal
D. Dholavira

Answer: D Dholavira

Indus Valley Civilisation Quiz Questions

11. What was the main reason for the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization?

A. Invasion by Aryans
B. Natural disasters like floods
C. Spread of diseases
D. Economic collapse

Answer: B Natural disasters like floods

12. Which metal was not known to the Indus Valley people?

A. Gold
B. Silver
C. Copper
D. Iron

Answer: D Iron

13. What type of drainage system was found in Mohenjo-Daro and other Indus Valley cities?

A. Open drainage system
B. Closed drainage system
C. No drainage system
D. Underground drainage system

Answer: B Closed drainage system

14. What do we call the raised mounds where the Indus Valley people built their cities?

A. Ziggurats
B. Mesas
C. Tell
D. Plateaus

Answer: C Tell

15. Which Indus Valley site is known for its great bath and granary?

A. Mohenjo-Daro
B. Harappa
C. Lothal
D. Kalibangan

Answer: A Mohenjo-Daro

16. What was the likely purpose of the “Great Bath” in Mohenjo-Daro?

A. Religious rituals
B. Royal baths
C. Water storage
D. Sewage treatment

Answer: A Religious rituals

17. Which Indus Valley artifact suggests a knowledge of advanced mathematics?

A. Pottery
B. Weights and measures
C. Jewelry
D. Textiles

Answer: B Weights and measures

18. Which metal was primarily used for making tools and weapons in the Indus Valley Civilization?

A. Gold
B. Silver
C. Copper
D. Bronze

Answer: D Bronze

19. Which animal is associated with the “Pashupati Seal”?

A. Elephant
B. Bull
C. Tiger
D. Unicorn

Answer: B Bull

20. What is the significance of the discovery of the “Dancing Girl” artifact?

A. It represents the goddess Shakti.
B. It shows the craftsmanship of the period.
C. It is the only known female figurine.
D. It was made of solid gold.

Answer: B It shows the craftsmanship of the period.

21. What is the name of the ancient Indus Valley game that resembles modern-day chess?

A. Pachisi
B. Chaturanga
C. Snakes and Ladders
D. Dice

Answer: B Chaturanga

22. What kind of religion did the people of the Indus Valley Civilization likely follow?

A. Hinduism
B. Buddhism
C. Zoroastrianism
D. Unknown

Answer: D Unknown

23. The Indus Valley Civilization had a trading relationship with which ancient civilization?

A. Roman Empire
B. Mesopotamia
C. Egyptian Empire
D. Chinese Empire

Answer: B Mesopotamia

24. What evidence suggests the Indus Valley Civilization’s maritime trade?

A. Shipwrecks
B. Dockyards
C. Lighthouses
D. Fishing nets

Answer: B Dockyards

25. What is the name of the ancient Indus Valley measure of length, approximately equal to 1.32 inches (3.4 cm)?

A. Cubit
B. Fathom
C. Yard
D. Span

Answer: A Cubit

26. What was the primary source of the Indus Valley Civilization’s wealth?

A. Gold and silver mines
B. Agricultural surplus
C. Trade with Mesopotamia
D. Slave labor

Answer: B Agricultural surplus

27. Which metal was used for making ornaments and jewelry in the Indus Valley Civilization?

A. Gold
B. Silver
C. Copper
D. Bronze

Answer: A Gold

28. What is the name of the Indus Valley artifact that depicts a human figure with a horned headdress?

A. Pashupati Seal
B. Dancing Girl
C. Unicorn Seal
D. Bull Seal

Answer: A Pashupati Seal

29. What is the significance of the “Unicorn Seal” found in the Indus Valley?

A. It represents a mythical creature.
B. It was a symbol of trade.
C. It was used for sealing documents.
D. It is made of pure gold.

Answer: A It represents a mythical creature.

30. Which metal was used for making the famous “Priest-King” statue in Mohenjo-Daro?

A. Gold
B. Silver
C. Copper
D. Bronze

Answer: C Copper

31. What type of evidence suggests that the Indus Valley people had a system of weights and measures?

A. Artifacts with inscriptions
B. Standardized pottery
C. Cubical seals
D. Hieroglyphics

Answer: C Cubical seals

32. What is the significance of the “Fire Altar” found at Kalibangan?

A. It was used for cooking.
B. It represents a religious symbol.
C. It was used for sacrifices.
D. It was a public restroom.

Answer: B It represents a religious symbol.

33. Which of the following animals was not commonly represented in Indus Valley art and seals?

A. Bull
B. Elephant
C. Unicorn
D. Tiger

Answer: B Elephant

34. What was the primary material used for making pottery in the Indus Valley Civilization?

A. Wood
B. Stone
C. Clay
D. Metal

Answer: C Clay

35. What is the name of the site where a bangle factory was discovered in the Indus Valley?

A. Lothal
B. Mohenjo-Daro
C. Harappa
D. Dholavira

Answer: A Lothal

36. What is the likely reason for the abandonment of many Indus Valley cities?

A. Invasion by foreign armies
B. Economic collapse
C. Environmental factors
D. Religious conflicts

Answer: C Environmental factors

37. Which metal was first used by humans during the Indus Valley Civilization?

A. Gold
B. Copper
C. Silver
D. Iron

Answer: B Copper

38. What is the name of the Indus Valley site where the Great Bath and the Granary were discovered?

A. Lothal
B. Harappa
C. Mohenjo-Daro
D. Kalibangan

Answer: C Mohenjo-Daro

39. What is the significance of the “Seated Priest” artifact found in Mohenjo-Daro?

A. It represents a religious leader.
B. It is made of solid gold.
C. It depicts the king of Mohenjo-Daro.
D. It was used for writing.

Answer: A It represents a religious leader.

40. Which Indus Valley site is known for its well-planned dockyards?

A. Lothal
B. Harappa
C. Mohenjo-Daro
D. Dholavira

Answer: A Lothal

41. What was the main source of light used in the Indus Valley houses?

A. Electric bulbs
B. Oil lamps
C. Candles
D. Sunlight through windows

Answer: B Oil lamps

42. Which direction did the streets in the Indus Valley cities generally face?

A. East-West
B. North-South
C. Diagonal
D. Random directions

Answer: A East-West

43. Which Indus Valley site is known for its large granaries with air vents?

A. Lothal
B. Harappa
C. Mohenjo-Daro
D. Dholavira

Answer: D Dholavira

44. What evidence suggests that the Indus Valley people were involved in long-distance trade?

A. Coins with foreign inscriptions
B. Foreign pottery
C. Beads made of semi-precious stones
D. None of the above

Answer: C Beads made of semi-precious stones

45. Which Indus Valley city is known for its impressive fortified walls?

A. Lothal
B. Harappa
C. Mohenjo-Daro
D. Kalibangan

Answer: D Kalibangan

46. What is the likely function of the “Granary” found in the Indus Valley cities?

A. Religious ceremonies
B. Storage of grains
C. Royal residence
D. Defense tower

Answer: B Storage of grains

47. Which of the following was NOT a type of pottery commonly found in the Indus Valley?

A. Terracotta
B. Red Ware
C. Black Ware
D. Painted Ware

Answer: C Black Ware

48. What do the “Pot-Burials” in the Indus Valley suggest about their burial customs?

A. Cremation was the common practice.
B. Bodies were buried with valuable items.
C. Bodies were placed in large burial mounds.
D. Bodies were preserved in pottery jars.

Answer: D Bodies were preserved in pottery jars.

49. Which animal was considered sacred by the Indus Valley people and depicted in art and seals?

A. Elephant
B. Cow
C. Tiger
D. Horse

Answer: B Cow

50. What is the name of the system of writing that is believed to have been used by the Indus Valley people?

A. Sanskrit
B. Cuneiform
C. Indus Script
D. Hieroglyphics

Answer: C Indus Script

51. What is the name of the system of writing that is believed to have been used by the Indus Valley people?

A. Sanskrit
B. Cuneiform
C. Indus Script
D. Hieroglyphics

Answer: C Indus Script

52. What is the name of the Indus Valley artifact that depicts a human figure with a horned headdress?

A. Pashupati Seal
B. Dancing Girl
C. Unicorn Seal
D. Bull Seal

Answer: A Pashupati Seal

53. What is the significance of the “Unicorn Seal” found in the Indus Valley?

A. It represents a mythical creature.
B. It was a symbol of trade.
C. It was used for sealing documents.
D. It is made of pure gold.

Answer: A It represents a mythical creature.

54. Which metal was used for making the famous “Priest-King” statue in Mohenjo-Daro?

A. Gold
B. Silver
C. Copper
D. Bronze

Answer: C Copper

55. What type of evidence suggests that the Indus Valley people had a system of weights and measures?

A. Artifacts with inscriptions
B. Standardized pottery
C. Cubical seals
D. Hieroglyphics

Answer: C Cubical seals

56. What is the name of the Indus Valley artifact that depicts a human figure with a horned headdress?

A. Pashupati Seal
B. Dancing Girl
C. Unicorn Seal
D. Bull Seal

Answer: A Pashupati Seal

57. What is the significance of the “Unicorn Seal” found in the Indus Valley?

A. It represents a mythical creature.
B. It was a symbol of trade.
C. It was used for sealing documents.
D. It is made of pure gold.

Answer: A It represents a mythical creature.

58. Which metal was used for making the famous “Priest-King” statue in Mohenjo-Daro?

A. Gold
B. Silver
C. Copper
D. Bronze

Answer: C Copper

59. What type of evidence suggests that the Indus Valley people had a system of weights and measures?

A. Artifacts with inscriptions
B. Standardized pottery
C. Cubical seals
D. Hieroglyphics

Answer: C Cubical seals

60. What is the name of the Indus Valley artifact that depicts a human figure with a horned headdress?

A. Pashupati Seal
B. Dancing Girl
C. Unicorn Seal
D. Bull Seal

Answer: A Pashupati Seal

61. What is the significance of the “Unicorn Seal” found in the Indus Valley?

A. It represents a mythical creature.
B. It was a symbol of trade.
C. It was used for sealing documents.
D. It is made of pure gold.

Answer: A It represents a mythical creature.

62. Which metal was used for making the famous “Priest-King” statue in Mohenjo-Daro?

A. Gold
B. Silver
C. Copper
D. Bronze

Answer: C Copper

63. What type of evidence suggests that the Indus Valley people had a system of weights and measures?

A. Artifacts with inscriptions
B. Standardized pottery
C. Cubical seals
D. Hieroglyphics

Answer: C Cubical seals

64. What is the name of the system of writing that is believed to have been used by the Indus Valley people?

A. Sanskrit
B. Cuneiform
C. Indus Script
D. Hieroglyphics

Answer: C Indus Script

65. Which of the following was NOT a type of pottery commonly found in the Indus Valley?

A. Terracotta
B. Red Ware
C. Black Ware
D. Painted Ware

Answer: C Black Ware

66. What do the “Pot-Burials” in the Indus Valley suggest about their burial customs?

A. Cremation was the common practice.
B. Bodies were buried with valuable items.
C. Bodies were placed in large burial mounds.
D. Bodies were preserved in pottery jars.

Answer: D Bodies were preserved in pottery jars.

67. Which animal was considered sacred by the Indus Valley people and depicted in art and seals?

A. Elephant
B. Cow
C. Tiger
D. Horse

Answer: B Cow

68. What is the name of the system of writing that is believed to have been used by the Indus Valley people?

A. Sanskrit
B. Cuneiform
C. Indus Script
D. Hieroglyphics

Answer: C Indus Script

69. Which of the following was NOT a type of pottery commonly found in the Indus Valley?

A. Terracotta
B. Red Ware
C. Black Ware
D. Painted Ware

Answer: C Black Ware

70. What do the “Pot-Burials” in the Indus Valley suggest about their burial customs?

A. Cremation was the common practice.
B. Bodies were buried with valuable items.
C. Bodies were placed in large burial mounds.
D. Bodies were preserved in pottery jars.

Answer: D Bodies were preserved in pottery jars.

71. Which animal was considered sacred by the Indus Valley people and depicted in art and seals?

A. Elephant
B. Cow
C. Tiger
D. Horse

Answer: B Cow

72. What is the name of the system of writing that is believed to have been used by the Indus Valley people?

A. Sanskrit
B. Cuneiform
C. Indus Script
D. Hieroglyphics

Answer: C Indus Script

73. Which of the following was NOT a type of pottery commonly found in the Indus Valley?

A. Terracotta
B. Red Ware
C. Black Ware
D. Painted Ware

Answer: C Black Ware

74. What do the “Pot-Burials” in the Indus Valley suggest about their burial customs?

A. Cremation was the common practice.
B. Bodies were buried with valuable items.
C. Bodies were placed in large burial mounds.
D. Bodies were preserved in pottery jars.

Answer: D Bodies were preserved in pottery jars.

75. Which animal was considered sacred by the Indus Valley people and depicted in art and seals?

A. Elephant
B. Cow
C. Tiger
D. Horse

Answer: B Cow

76. What is the name of the system of writing that is believed to have been used by the Indus Valley people?

A. Sanskrit
B. Cuneiform
C. Indus Script
D. Hieroglyphics

Answer: C Indus Script

77. Which of the following was NOT a type of pottery commonly found in the Indus Valley?

A. Terracotta
B. Red Ware
C. Black Ware
D. Painted Ware

Answer: C Black Ware

78. What do the “Pot-Burials” in the Indus Valley suggest about their burial customs?

A. Cremation was the common practice.
B. Bodies were buried with valuable items.
C. Bodies were placed in large burial mounds.
D. Bodies were preserved in pottery jars.

Answer: D Bodies were preserved in pottery jars.

79. Which animal was considered sacred by the Indus Valley people and depicted in art and seals?

A. Elephant
B. Cow
C. Tiger
D. Horse

Answer: B Cow

80. What is the name of the system of writing that is believed to have been used by the Indus Valley people?

A. Sanskrit
B. Cuneiform
C. Indus Script
D. Hieroglyphics

Answer: C Indus Script

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