[MCQs] Maharashtra History GK Questions and Answers

Maharashtra History GK Multiple Choice Questions

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1. Who was the founder of the Maratha Empire?

A) Shivaji

B) Sambhaji

C) Rajaram

D) Shahu

Answer: A

2. In which year did Shivaji become Chatrapati or crowned king?

A) 1674

B) 1664

C) 1657

D) 1680

Answer: A

3. Which fort was the seat of the Maratha Empire founded by Shivaji?

A) Sinhagad

B) Raigad

C) Pratapgad

D) Vijaydurg

Answer: B

4. Who was Shivaji’s teacher and guided him in establishing Swarajya?

A) Dadoji Konddeo

B) Ramdas Swami

C) Tanaji Malusare

D) Murarbaji Deshpande

Answer: B

5. Against which ruler did Shivaji fight to establish the Maratha kingdom?

A) Mughals

B) Portuguese

C) British

D) Nizam of Hyderabad

Answer: A

6. What was the council of ministers established by Shivaji called?

A) Panchayat

B) Sabha

C) Ashtapradhan

D) Samiti

Answer: C

7. Who was the Maratha general who re-captured Kondana fort from the Mughals in 1670?

A) Prataprao Gujar

B) Malharrao Holkar

C) Tanaji Malusare

D) Murarbaji Deshpande

Answer: C

8. Which Mughal emperor defeated Shivaji in the Treaty of Purandar in 1665?

A) Shah Jahan

B) Aurangzeb

C) Akbar

D) Jehangir

Answer: B

9. Who succeeded Shivaji as Chhatrapati and further expanded the Maratha Empire?

A) Sambhaji

B) Rajaram

C) Shahu

D) Pratapsinh

Answer: A

10. Against which foreign power did the Marathas fight in the 27-year long war from 1681-1707?

A) Portuguese

B) Mughals

C) British

D) Dutch

Answer: D

Maharashtra History GK Questions

11. In which battle fought in 1761 were the Marathas defeated by Ahmad Shah Abdali?

A) Panipat

B) Talikota

C) Pratapgarh

D) Plassey

Answer: A

12. Who founded the princely state of Baroda in western India in the early 18th century?

A) Bajirao I

B) Balaji Vishwanath

C) Chimnaji Appa

D) Peshwa Madhavrao II

Answer: B

13. Who was the brilliant Maratha general who expanded Maratha rule in northern India?

A) Mahadji Scindia

B) Raghunathrao

C) Ahilyabai Holkar

D) Bajirao I

Answer: D

14. Which Peshwa is credited with expanding Maratha power to its peak during 1720-1740?

A) Balaji Bajirao

B) Bajirao I

C) Madhavrao I

D) Madhavrao II

Answer: B

15. Which Maratha rulers established rule over Gwalior and Indore in the late 18th century?

A) Holkar

B) Gaekwad

C) Scindia

D) Bhonsle

Answer: C

16. Which hill fort served as the capital of the Maratha Empire during Sambhaji’s rule?

A) Pratapgad

B) Raigad

C) Sinhagad

D) Rajgad

Answer: D

17. Who founded the princely state of Kolhapur in 1707?

A) Chhatrapati Shahu

B) Chhatrapati Rajaram

C) Tarabai

D) Chhatrapati Sambhaji II

Answer: C

18. Who defeated the Marathas at the Battle of Wandiwash in 1760?

A) Haider Ali

B) British East India Company

C) French East India Company

D) Dutch East India Company

Answer: B

19. Peshwa Bajirao I was given the title of ‘Raja’ by which Mughal emperor in 1719?

A) Bahadur Shah I

B) Jahandar Shah

C) Farrukhsiyar

D) Muhammad Shah

Answer: C

20. Which treaty signed in 1739 saw Maratha rule expand into Malwa and Gujarat?

A) Treaty of Purandhar

B) Treaty of Salbai

C) Treaty of Bassein

D) Treaty of Mangalore

Answer: C

21. Who founded the first Maratha navy along the Konkan coast?

A) Sambhaji

B) Kanhoji Angre

C) Shahu

D) Balaji Vishwanath

Answer: B

22. Who was the primary architect behind the revival of Maratha power after 1707?

A) Balaji Vishwanath

B) Bajirao I

C) Peshwa Madhavrao I

D) Ahilyabai Holkar

Answer: A

23. Which Mughal emperor was defeated by the Marathas at the Battle of Delhi in 1803?

A) Bahadur Shah I

B) Shah Alam II

C) Akbar II

D) Muhammad Shah

Answer: B

24. Who was the Maratha ruler of Tanjore from 1674 to 1712?

A) Tuljaji

B) Ekoji I

C) Serfoji II

D) Shahuji I

Answer: B

25. Which Peshwa tried to break free from Maratha confederacy and declare himself monarch?

A) Balaji Bajirao

B) Raghunathrao

C) Madhavrao I

D) Madhavrao II

Answer: B

26. Who was the primary Maratha adversaries in their expansion in Northern India?

A) Nizam of Hyderabad

B) Tipu Sultan

C) Nawabs of Bengal

D) Rohillas and Afghans

Answer: D

27. In which year did the Third Battle of Panipat take place?

A) 1737

B) 1761

C) 1764

D) 1773

Answer: B

28. Who was the regent ruler on behalf of infant Peshwa Madhavrao II?

A) Ahilyabai Holkar

B) Mahadji Scindia

C) Nana Fadnavis

D) Balaji Bajirao

Answer: C

29. Who established the first Maratha state in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu?

A) Venkoji

B) Ekoji I

C) Shahuji I

D) Serfoji II

Answer: A

30. Which dynasty ruled the princely state of Indore from the early 1800s?

A) Pawar

B) Holkar

C) Scindia

D) Gaekwad

Answer: B

31. Who led the Maratha forces at the Battle of Assaye against the British in 1803?

A) Bajirao II

B) Daulatrao Scindia

C) Yashwantrao Holkar

D) Peshwa Bajirao I

Answer: B

32. Who was the brilliant Maratha admiral who established naval supremacy from 1756-1763?

A) Kanhoji Angre

B) Tulaji Angre

C) Yesaji Kank

D) Fateh Singh Rao Gaekwad

Answer: B

33. Which Maratha general conquered Lahore and Attock in the Punjab region in 1758?

A) Malharrao Holkar

B) Raghunathrao

C) Dattaji Scindia

D) Mahadji Scindia

Answer: C

34. Who founded the princely state of Nagpur in Vidarbha in the early 18th century?

A) Raghoji Bhonsle I

B) Mudhoji Bhonsle

C) Janoji Bhonsle

D) Venkoji Bhonsle

Answer: B

35. Which Maratha woman ruled as regent during the minority of her son, Madhavrao II?

A) Ahilyabai Holkar

B) Tarabai

C) Ramabai Peshwa

D) Anandibai

Answer: B

36. Who led the Maratha forces at the historic Battle of Kharda in 1795?

A) Mahadji Scindia

B) Daulatrao Scindia

C) Tukojirao Holkar II

D) Nana Fadnavis

Answer: D

37. Which British Governor-General concluded the Treaty of Bassein with Peshwa Bajirao II in 1802?

A) Wellesley

B) Hastings

C) Dalhousie

D) Cornwallis

Answer: A

38. Who founded the dynasty of Scindia Maharajas that ruled Gwalior?

A) Mahadji Scindia

B) Daulatrao Scindia

C) Jankoji Scindia

D) Jayappa Scindia

Answer: C

39. Which Maratha fortress was reputed to be impregnable but fell to the British in 1818?

A) Sinhagad

B) Pratapgad

C) Raigad

D) Rajgad

Answer: C

40. Who led the Maratha forces during the Third Anglo-Maratha War of 1817-1818?

A) Bajirao II

B) Daulatrao Scindia

C) Yashwantrao Holkar

D) Appa Saheb Bhonsle

Answer: A

41. Which treaty ended the Third Anglo-Maratha War in 1818?

A) Treaty of Poona

B) Treaty of Surat

C) Treaty of Salbai

D) Treaty of Bassein

Answer: D

42. Which hill fort was the scene of the heroic battle between Tanaji Malusare and Udaybhan in 1670?

A) Sinhagad

B) Rajgad

C) Pratapgad

D) Raigad

Answer: C

43. Who succeeded Balaji Vishwanath as Peshwa of the Maratha Empire?

A) Bajirao I

B) Chimnaji Appa

C) Madhavrao II

D) Raghunathrao

Answer: A

44. What was the capital of the Bhonsle rulers of Nagpur?

A) Satara

B) Nagpur

C) Pune

D) Raigad

Answer: B

45. Who led the Maratha forces in the Battle of Palkhed in 1728?

A) Bajirao I

B) Balaji Bajirao

C) Chimnaji Appa

D) Malharrao Holkar

Answer: C

46. Who established Maratha rule over Malwa in the early 18th century?

A) Mahadji Scindia

B) Daulatrao Scindia

C) Yashwantrao Holkar

D) Khanderao Dabhade

Answer: D

47. Who designed and built the iconic Shaniwar Wada fort in Pune in 1730?

A) Bajirao I

B) Nanasaheb Peshwa

C) Madhavrao Peshwa

D) Sawai Madhavrao

Answer: B

48. Which Maratha warrior was known as the ‘Thorale Bajirao’ or Bajirao the Elder?

A) Balaji Bajirao

B) Bajirao I

C) Madhavrao I

D) Nanasaheb Peshwa

Answer: B

49. Who established the Sawantwadi princely state in coastal Konkan in 1695?

A) Khem Sawant

B) Bajiprabhu Deshpande

C) Prataprao Gujar

D) Kanhoji Angre

Answer: A

50. Who was the brilliant Maratha commander who expanded Maratha power in the Deccan?

A) Mahadji Scindia

B) Malharrao Holkar

C) Raghunathrao

D) Mahadaji Shinde

Answer: D

51. Which Mughal Emperor granted chauth and sardeshmukhi rights to the Marathas in the Deccan?

A) Aurangzeb

B) Shah Jahan

C) Akbar

D) Bahadur Shah I

Answer: D

52. Who founded the Holkar dynasty that ruled Indore?

A) Malharrao Holkar

B) Ahilya Bai Holkar

C) Tukojirao Holkar

D) Khanderao Holkar

Answer: A

53. Who established the Gaekwad dynasty of Baroda?

A) Damaji Gaekwad

B) Pilaji Rao Gaekwad

C) Fateh Singh Rao Gaekwad

D) Sayajirao Gaekwad III

Answer: B

54. Which Peshwa allied with the British leading to the Second Anglo-Maratha War?

A) Bajirao II

B) Balaji Bajirao

C) Madhavrao II

D) Nana Fadnavis

Answer: A

55. Who was the regent to the young Peshwa, Sawai Madhavrao?

A) Mahadji Scindia

B) Ahilyabai Holkar

C) Nana Fadnavis

D) Raghunathrao

Answer: C

56. Who was the son of Chhatrapati Shahu and succeeded Rajaram II as Chhatrapati?

A) Sambhaji II

B) Shivaji II

C) Rajaram II

D) Shahu I

Answer: A

57. Which Sardar served as commander to Bajirao I’s son, Balaji Bajirao?

A) Malharrao Holkar

B) Pilaji Jadhav

C) Udaji Chaskar

D) Ranoji Scindia

Answer: B

58. Who was the regent Peshwa during the minority of Madhavrao II?

A) Nana Fadnavis

B) Haripant Phadke

C) Balaji Janardhan Bhanu

D) Gangadhar Yashwant Chandrachud

Answer: A

59. Who was the Maratha ruler defeated by the British in the Battle of Kirkee in 1817?

A) Peshwa Bajirao II

B) Daulatrao Scindia

C) Appa Saheb Bhonsle

D) Trimbakrao Dabhade

Answer: B

60. Which hill fort in Satara district did Shivaji seize in his early conquests against Adilshah?

A) Raigad

B) Pratapgad

C) Rajgad

D) Panhala

Answer: D

61. Who was Shivaji’s son who ruled briefly before being killed by Aurangzeb?

A) Sambhaji

B) Rajaram

C) Shahu

D) Ramchandra

Answer: A

62. Which fort did Shivaji rename as ‘Sindhudurg’ after capturing it from the Adilshahi in 1664?

A) Vijayadurg

B) Sindhudurg

C) Janjira

D) Raigad

Answer: B

63. Which Mughal fort did Shivaji loot in his famous night raid in 1659?

A) Surat

B) Burhanpur

C) Ahmadnagar

D) Bijapur

Answer: A

64. What was the name of Shivaji’s navy?

A) Angre Fleet

B) Maratha Navy

C) Maharashtra Bahini

D) Tulja Fleet

Answer: C

65. Which British Governor signed the Treaty of Surat with Raghunathrao in 1775?

A) Hastings

B) Wellesley

C) Cornwallis

D) Elphinstone

Answer: B

66. Who was the primary architect of Maratha resurgence after Panipat?

A) Mahadji Scindia

B) Madhavrao I

C) Nana Fadnavis

D) Haripant Phadke

Answer: C

67. In which battle did Sadashivrao Bhau lose his life in 1761?

A) Panipat

B) Buxar

C) Assaye

D) Kharda

Answer: A

68. Who succeeded Peshwa Madhavrao I after his untimely death in 1772?

A) Narayanrao

B) Raghunathrao

C) Nana Fadnavis

D) Sawai Madhavrao

Answer: D

69. Who was the regent Peshwa during Bajirao II’s minority?

A) Nana Fadnavis

B) Tukojirao Holkar II

C) Baji Rao I

D) Balaji Bajirao

Answer: A

70. Which fort was the site of Shivaji’s daring escape from Afzal Khan’s clutches in 1659?

A) Panhala

B) Pratapgad

C) Raigad

D) Rajgad

Answer: B

71. Who was the Maratha ruler of Nagpur from 1818-1853?

A) Raghoji II Bhonsle

B) Raghoji III Bhonsle

C) Mudhoji II Bhonsle

D) Janoji Bhonsle

Answer: B

72. What was the Maratha confederacy formed in 1674 by Shivaji?

A) Peshwai

B) Ashta Pradhan

C) Hindavi Swarajya

D) Chhatrapati Samrat

Answer: C

73. Who led the Maratha forces at the Battle of Sinhagad in 1670?

A) Shivaji

B) Tanaji Malusare

C) Baji Prabhu Deshpande

D) Prataprao Gujar

Answer: B

74. Against which dynasty did Shivaji wage a lifelong war to establish Hindavi Swarajya?

A) Mughals

B) Adil Shahis of Bijapur

C) Nizams of Hyderabad

D) Qutub Shahis of Golconda

Answer: B

75. Who served as Peshwa during the reign of Shahu?

A) Balaji Vishwanath

B) Bajirao I

C) Madhavrao I

D) Nana Fadnavis

Answer: A

76. Who was the son of Shivaji who succeeded him as Chhatrapati?

A) Sambhaji

B) Rajaram

C) Shahu

D) Ramchandraji

Answer: A

77. Which dynasty ruled the princely state of Satara from 1707-1848?

A) Bhonsle

B) Scindia

C) Holkar

D) Peshwa

Answer: D

78. Against which European power did the Marathas fight at the Battle of Vishalgad in 1706?

A) British

B) Portuguese

C) French

D) Dutch

Answer: B

79. Who signed the Treaty of Purandar on behalf of Chhatrapati Shivaji in 1665?

A) Moropant Pingle

B) Annaji Datto

C) Prataprao Gujar

D) Ramchandra Pant Amatya

Answer: D

80. Which deity was the family god of the Maratha rulers?

A) Vitthal

B) Mahadev

C) Khandoba

D) Vishnu

Answer: C

81. What was the capital of the Maratha kingdom during Sambhaji’s reign?

A) Satara

B) Pune

C) Raigad

D) Rajgad

Answer: D

82. Who was the half-brother of Shivaji who was made Raja of Thanjavur?

A) Ekoji I

B) Rajaram

C) Sambhaji

D) Vyankoji

Answer: A

83. Which fort was seized from the Mughals by Shivaji in 1648 for the first time?

A) Panhala

B) Raigad

C) Pratapgad

D) Rajgad

Answer: D

84. Who led the Maratha forces at the Third Battle of Panipat?

A) Sadashivrao Bhau

B) Vishwasrao

C) Balaji Bajirao

D) Malharrao Holkar

Answer: A

85. Who became the Peshwa after the death of Balaji Vishwanath in 1720?

A) Bajirao I

B) Chimnaji Appa

C) Madhavrao I

D) Balaji Bajirao

Answer: A

86. Which Peshwa allied with the British leading to the Third Anglo-Maratha war?

A) Bajirao II

B) Madhavrao II

C) Balaji Bajirao

D) Nana Fadnavis

Answer: A

87. Who led the Maratha forces at the Battle of Poona against the British in 1817?

A) Bajirao II

B) Trimbakrao Dabhade

C) Chimnaji Appa

D) Prataprao Gujar

Answer: B

88. Who was the regent to Shivaji’s grandson, Shahu?

A) Balaji Vishwanath

B) Khanderao Dabhade

C) Parshuram Pant Pratinidhi

D) Ramchandra Pant Amatya

Answer: A

89. Which fort was renamed as Sinhagad after Tanaji Malusare’s brave conquest in 1670?

A) Rajgad

B) Raigad

C) Panhala

D) Kondana

Answer: D

90. Who led the Maratha forces at the Battle of Panipat against Ahmed Shah Abdali?

A) Madhavrao

B) Sadashivrao Bhau

C) Vishwasrao

D) Balaji Bajirao

Answer: B

91. Who was killed during the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761?

A) Sadashivrao Bhau

B) Vishwasrao

C) Malharrao Holkar

D) Balaji Bajirao

Answer: B

92. Which Maratha fort was gifted by Shah Jahan to Shivaji in 1648?

A) Purandar

B) Raigad

C) Rajgad

D) Panhala

Answer: C

93. Which Maratha leader revived Maratha power after crushing Mysore forces at Kharda?

A) Nana Fadnavis

B) Mahadji Scindia

C) Malharrao Holkar

D) Madhavrao I

Answer: A

94. Where did Bajirao I defeat Nizam-ul-Mulk establishing Maratha authority in the Deccan?

A) Palkhed

B) Delhi

C) Assaye

D) Laswari

Answer: A

95. Which Maratha general raided as far as Lahore and Attock in Punjab?

A) Mahadji Scindia

B) Dattaji Scindia

C) Prataprao Gujar

D) Nana Saheb Peshwa

Answer: B

96. Who led the Maratha forces at the Battle of Delhi against the Rohillas in 1771?

A) Mahadji Scindia

B) Nana Fadnavis

C) Tukojirao Holkar

D) Mahadaji Shinde

Answer: D

97. Who was responsible for the construction of the Ghats at Varanasi?

A) Ahilyabai Holkar

B) Bajirao I

C) Balaji Bajirao

D) Sawai Madhavrao

Answer: A

98. Which Maratha fort was considered impregnable before its capture by the British in 1818?

A) Panhala

B) Pratapgad

C) Raigad

D) Rajgad

Answer: C

99. Who led the Maratha forces against the Afghans at the Battle of Panipat in 1761?

A) Mahadji Scindia

B) Sadashivrao Bhau

C) Malharrao Holkar

D) Madhavrao I

Answer: B

100. Which fort was renamed Sinhagad after its conquest by Tanaji Malusare?

A) Rajgad

B) Raigad

C) Pratapgad

D) Kondana

Answer: D

101. Who conquered Malwa and Bundelkhand, bringing them under Maratha rule?

A) Mahadji Scindia

B) Jeswant Rao Holkar

C) Daulatrao Scindia

D) Nana Fadnavis

Answer: C

102. Who led the Maratha forces against the Nizam at the historic Battle of Kurulai in 1795?

A) Sadashivrao Bhau

B) Mahadji Scindia

C) Daulatrao Scindia

D) Nana Fadnavis

Answer: B

103. Who was the founder of the Bhor princely state in Pune district?

A) Chimnaji Appa

B) Parasurambapu Patwardhan

C) Nagoji Rao

D) Raosaheb

Answer: C

104. Which fort was the site of Shivaji’s heroic escape from Afzal Khan in 1659?

A) Panhala

B) Pratapgad

C) Rajgad

D) Raigad

Answer: B

105. Who was responsible for the revival of Maratha power after the Battle of Panipat?

A) Mahadji Scindia

B) Madhavrao I

C) Nana Fadnavis

D) Sawai Madhavrao

Answer: C

106. Which dynasty ruled the princely state of Tanjore in Tamil Nadu?

A) Peshwas

B) Scindias

C) Bhonsles

D) Holkars

Answer: C

107. Who was the brilliant Maratha general who led Maratha forces across North India?

A) Bajirao I

B) Mahadji Scindia

C) Malharrao Holkar

D) Balaji Bajirao

Answer: B

108. Who signed the Treaty of Salbai with the British in 1782?

A) Mahadji Scindia

B) Nana Fadnavis

C) Sawai Madhavrao

D) Bajirao II

Answer: B

109. Which fort was the capital of Shivaji’s empire before Raigad?

A) Panhala

B) Rajgad

C) Sinhagad

D) Pratapgad

Answer: B

110. Who led the Maratha side at the Battle of Poona against the British in 1817?

A) Bajirao II

B) Trimbakrao Dabhade

C) Purseram Bheem

D) Mudhoji II Bhonsle

Answer: B

111. Who killed the Adilshahi general Afzal Khan in 1659 at Pratapgad?

A) Baji Prabhu Deshpande

B) Tanaji Malusare

C) Shivaji

D) Murarbaji

Answer: C

112. What was the name of Shivaji’s father who ruled over Poona region?

A) Maloji Bhonsle

B) Shahaji Bhonsle

C) Venkoji Bhonsle

D) Ekoji Bhonsle

Answer: B

113. Against which foreign power did the Marathas fight at the Battle of Vadgaon in 1779?

A) British East India Company

B) Portuguese

C) French

D) Dutch

Answer: C

114. Where did the Marathas defeat the Portuguese in 1739?

A) Vasai

B) Goa

C) Chaul

D) Bajipur

Answer: A

115. Who led the Maratha forces at the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761?

A) Sadashivrao Bhau

B) Vishwasrao

C) Balaji Bajirao

D) Malharrao Holkar

Answer: A

116. Which deity did Shivaji always carry an image of on him?

A) Mahadev

B) Khandoba

C) Vithoba

D) Raigad Raya

Answer: B

117. Where did the Marathas defeat the Nizam’s forces in 1795?

A) Kharda

B) Assaye

C) Laswari

D) Koregaon

Answer: A

118. Who led the Marathas at the Third Battle of Panipat?

A) Dattaji Scindia

B) Sadashivrao Bhau

C) Malharrao Holkar

D) Mahadji Scindia

Answer: B

119. Where did the Peshwas establish their capital in the 18th century?

A) Satara

B) Pune

C) Raigad

D) Mahabaleshwar

Answer: B

120. Who was responsible for preserving the Maratha confederacy in the late 18th century?

A) Nana Fadnavis

B) Mahadji Scindia

C) Sawai Madhavrao

D) Bajirao II

Answer: A

121. Which fort was the capital of the Maratha empire during Shivaji’s reign?

A) Raigad

B) Rajgad

C) Panhala

D) Pratapgad

Answer: B

122. Who led the Maratha forces at the Battle of Panipat against the Durranis?

A) Sadashivrao Bhau

B) Balaji Bajirao

C) Malharrao Holkar

D) Mahadji Scindia

Answer: A

123. Where did Shivaji spend his early years (till 1645)?

A) Pune

B) Raigad

C) Mahabaleshwar

D) Poona

Answer: A

124. Who was known as the Chhota Sarkar or Junior Regent Peshwa?

A) Balaji Bajirao

B) Madhavrao I

C) Bajirao II

D) Sawai Madhavrao

Answer: D

125. Who served as Peshwa during the reign of Chhatrapati Shahu?

A) Balaji Vishwanath

B) Bajirao I

C) Madhavrao I

D) Nana Fadnavis

Answer: A

126. Who led the Maratha forces against the Nizam at the Battle of Kharda in 1795?

A) Nana Fadnavis

B) Mahadji Scindia

C) Daulatrao Scindia

D) Yashwantrao Holkar

Answer: A

127. Which fort was considered the capital of the Maratha empire during Rajaram’s reign?

A) Raigad

B) Panhala

C) Pratapgad

D) Gingee

Answer: D

128. Who assassinated the powerful Peshwa Narayanrao in 1773?

A) Raghunathrao

B) Nana Fadnavis

C) Anandibai

D) Madhavrao I

Answer: A

129. Who led the Maratha forces against the Nizam at the Battle of Rakshasbhuvan in 1795?

A) Nana Fadnavis

B) Daulatrao Scindia

C) Mahadji Scindia

D) Prataprao Gujar

Answer: C

130. Which fort was renamed Sinhagad after its capture by Tanaji Malusare in 1670?

A) Purandar

B) Rajgad

C) Raigad

D) Kondana

Answer: D

131. Where did the Marathas defeat the Afghan forces in the Battle of Delhi in 1803?

A) Panipat

B) Patparganj

C) Laswari

D) Karnal

Answer: B

132. Who led the Maratha forces at the historic Battle of Panipat in 1761?

A) Sadashivrao Bhau

B) Vishwasrao

C) Malharrao Holkar

D) Mahadji Scindia

Answer: A

133. Where did the Marathas defeat the British forces led by Colonel Cumberlege in 1778?

A) Wadgaon

B) Kharda

C) Assaye

D) Kirkee

Answer: A

134. In which battle did the Marathas lose their pre-eminence in North India in 1761?

A) Panipat

B) Karnal

C) Buxar

D) Plassey

Answer: A

135. Who led the Maratha forces against the British at the Battle of Koregaon in 1818?

A) Bajirao II

B) Purseram Bheem

C) Trimbakrao Dabhade

D) Prataprao Gujar

Answer: B

136. Who was considered the architect of Hindavi Swarajya?

A) Sambhaji

B) Rajaram

C) Shivaji

D) Shahu

Answer: C

137. Who led the Maratha forces at the Battle of Poona against the British in 1817?

A) Bajirao II

B) Trimbakrao Dabhade

C) Purseram Bheem

D) Mudhoji II Bhonsle

Answer: B

138. Which fort was considered the capital of Maratha empire during Chhatrapati Rajaram’s reign?

A) Gingee

B) Jinji

C) Vellore

D) Tanjore

Answer: A

139. Who led the Maratha forces at the Battle of Assaye against the British in 1803?

A) Yashwantrao Holkar

B) Daulatrao Scindia

C) Jaswant Rao Holkar

D) Baji Rao II

Answer: B

140. Who was the regent Peshwa during Madhavrao II’s minority?

A) Nana Fadnavis

B) Mahadji Scindia

C) Ahilyabai Holkar

D) Sawai Madhavrao

Answer: A

141. Who was responsible for preservation of the Maratha confederacy in late 18th century?

A) Nana Fadnavis

B) Mahadji Scindia

C) Sawai Madhavrao

D) Bajirao II

Answer: A

142. Who led the Maratha side at the Battle of Panipat against Abdali?

A) Sadashivrao Bhau

B) Dattaji Scindia

C) Malharrao Holkar

D) Mahadji Scindia

Answer: A

143. Where did Shivaji spend his early years till 1645?

A) Pune

B) Raigad

C) Mahabaleshwar

D) Satara

Answer: A

144. Who is known as the Chhota Sarkar or Junior Regent?

A) Balaji Bajirao

B) Madhavrao I

C) Bajirao II

D) Sawai Madhavrao

Answer: D

145. Against which dynasty did Shivaji wage constant war to establish Swarajya?

A) Adil Shahis of Bijapur

B) Mughals

C) Nizams of Hyderabad

D) Qutub Shahis of Golconda

Answer: A

146. Where did Shivaji attack Shaista Khan wounding him in 1663?

A) Pune

B) Surat

C) Burhanpur

D) Ahmednagar

Answer: A

147. Who led the Maratha side at the Battle of Panipat in 1761?

A) Sadashivrao Bhau

B) Vishwasrao

C) Malharrao Holkar

D) Balaji Bajirao

Answer: A

148. Who was the regent Peshwa during Bajirao II’s minority?

A) Nana Fadnavis

B) Tukojirao Holkar II

C) Baji Rao I

D) Balaji Bajirao

Answer: A

149. Where did the Marathas defeat the Nizam’s forces in 1795?

A) Kharda

B) Assaye

C) Laswari

D) Koregaon

Answer: A

150. Who led the Maratha side at the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761?

A) Sadashivrao Bhau

B) Balaji Bajirao

C) Vishwasrao

D) Malharrao Holkar

Answer: A

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