Decimal Addition and Subtraction
Decimals in Mathematics are defined as the numbers whose whole part and the fractional part. These two parts are separated by a decimal point. The values on the left of the decimal point represent whole numbers which can be greater than equal to zero. The values on the right of the decimal point are always smaller than one. Decimals are used every day in our daily lives. Weights, money, lengths etc. can be expressed in decimals. Decimals are used in situations which require a higher level of precision level in terms of measurement metrics. Just like whole numbers, we can also carry out simple mathematical operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division with decimals. Further ahead in this article, we will look at the addition and subtraction of decimals in greater detail.
Examples of Decimals:
An example of the decimal is 17.48, where, 17 is the whole number part, and 0.48 is the fractional part.
Place Value in Decimals
As we move from left to right in decimals, the place value of the digits is divided by 10 subsequently.so, tenth in decimal place value on the right side of the decimal point is 1/10 which is 0.1. Similarly, hundredth is 1/100 or 0.001.
Now, we will look at the rules and solved examples for decimal addition and subtraction one after the other.
Addition of Decimal Numbers
Let us look at how to perform the addition of decimal numbers. There are certain rules to be followed while adding decimals. The rules for adding decimals are as follows:

Firstly, the numbers are padded with zeros. This depends on the maximum number of digits past the decimal point.

So, if there are two decimal numbers to be added and one number has three digits after the decimal point, and the other number has one digit after the decimal point, we add two zeros to the latter number to make the number of digits after the decimal place equal for both numbers. This is known as padding with zeros.

This process is known as the conversion of decimals into like decimals.

After this process, the numbers have to be lined up in a vertical manner so that the place values of both numbers are in sync.

This means the tenth place digit of one number should be just above or below the tenthplace digit of another number.

Then, for decimal number addition, it should be done digit wise starting from the rightmost digit and moving towards the leftmost digit.
Steps to Add Decimals
Step 1: Convert decimals into like decimals
Step 2: Line up the numbers as per their place values
Step 3: Perform addition of digits from rightmost digit to leftmost digit
Addition of Decimals Examples
Example 1) Add 45.01 and 34.986
Solution) first step is to convert the decimals to like decimals.
We add one zero to 45.01 at the end to make the decimals like.
Next, we will line up the numbers according to the place values and then perform addition.
45.010
+ 34.986
79.996
Example 2) Add 39.999 and 2.9
Solution) first step is to convert the decimals to like decimals.
We add two zeros to 2.9 at the end to make the decimals like.
Next, we will line up the numbers according to the place values and then perform addition.
39.999
+ 02.900
42.899
Subtraction of decimals
Now, we will learn how to subtract decimals. There are certain rules to be followed while subtracting decimals. The rules for the subtraction of decimals are as follows:

Firstly, the numbers are padded with zeros. This depends on the maximum number of digits past the decimal point.

So, if there are two decimal numbers to be added and one number has three digits after the decimal point, and the other number has one digit after the decimal point, we add two zeros to the latter number to make the number of digits after the decimal place equal for both numbers. This is known as padding with zeros.

This process is known as the conversion of decimals into like decimals.

After this process, the numbers have to be lined up in a vertical manner so that the place values of both numbers are in sync. The numbers have to line up such that the larger number is on the top of the smaller number.
Steps to Subtract Decimals
Step 1: Convert decimals into like decimals
Step 2: Line up the numbers as per their place values with a larger number above the smaller number
Step 3: Perform subtraction of digits from rightmost digit to the leftmost digit
Subtraction of Decimals Examples

Subtract 3.78 from 10.5
Solution) First step is to make the decimals like, and in the second step then line them up and lastly perform the subtraction.
10.50
– 03.78
6.72