Top 300 Digestive System Multiple Choice Questions MCQs

Digestive System MCQs and Answers

1. Cells that secrete hydrochloric acid in the stomach are called:

  1. Chief cells
  2. G cells
  3. Enter endocrine cells
  4. Parietal cells

2. An inflammation of the pancreas due to blockage of the pancreatic ducts, bacterial or viral infections, or d–g reactions is:

  1. Periodontal disease
  2. Pancreatitis
  3. Plaque
  4. Peritonitis
  5. Peptic ulcer

3. Which part of the large intestine receives materials from the ileum?

  1. Descending colon
  2. Cesium
  3. Ascending colon
  4. Sigmoid colon
  5. Rectum

4. Brunner’s glands produce copious quantities of mucus that protects the epithelium from the acid chime arriving from the stomach.

  1. False
  2. True

5. The movement of organic molecules, electrolytes, vitamins and water across the digestive epithelium and into the interstitial fluid of the digestive tract is known as:

  1. Digestion
  2. Excretion
  3. Secretion
  4. Compaction
  5. Absorption

6. These layers of smooth muscle play an essential role in the mechanical processing and in the propulsion of materials along the digestive tract. This is the:

  1. serosa
  2. Muscular is extern
  3. Mucosa
  4. Sub mucosa

7. The pancreas and the duodenum are examples of what type of digestive organs?

  1. Retroperitoneal
  2. O Intraperitoneal
  3. Secondarily retroperitoneal
  4. Visceral

8. The mixing of ingested substance with the gastric juices secreted by the glands of the stomach produces a viscous, soupy mixture called chime.

  1. True
  2. False

9. A fiber-optic instrument used to view the interior of the stomach is:

  1. Gastro scope
  2. Gastrectomy
  3. Gastritis
  4. Gastroenteritis
  5. Esophagi is

10. A painful condition caused by the blockage of the cystic or common bile duct by gallstones is:

  1. Cholelithiasis
  2. Colitis
  3. Cholecystitis
  4. Cirrhosis
Digestive System MCQs
Digestive System MCQs

11. What are the functions of hydrochloric acid in the stomach? (Check all that apply).

  1. Lowers the pH of gastric juice
  2. Kills microorganisms
  3. Produces rennin
  4. Activates secretions of the chief cells
  5. Breaks down cells walls in food

12. The presence of gallstones in the gallbladder is called:

  1. Colitis
  2. Cholecystitis
  3. Cirrhosis
  4. Cholelithiasis

13. The functions of the oral cavity include: (Check all that are correct).

  1. Limited digestion
  2. Mechanical processing
  3. Analysis of the food
  4. Lubrication

14. A painful condition resulting from inflammation of the peritoneal membrane is:

  1. Periodontal disease
  2. Peptic ulcer
  3. Peritonitis
  4. Plaque
  5. Pancreatitis

15. Transport of food to the stomach is done by the:

  1. Pharynx
  2. Oral cavity
  3. Esophagus
  4. Large intestine
  5. Salivary glands

16. The last part of the digestive tract is the:

  1. Cecum
  2. Sigmoid colon
  3. Rectum
  4. Ascending colon
  5. Descending colon

17. Dehydration and compaction of indigestible materials in preparation for elimination is done in the:

  1. Small intestine
  2. Oral cavity
  3. Stomach
  4. Esophagus
  5. Large intestine

18. Both the upper and the lower portion of the esophagus has a well-defined sphincter muscle comparable to those located elsewhere among the digestive tract.

  1. False
  2. True

19. Cells that secrete pepsinogen which is converted to pepsin in the stomach are:

  1. Parietal cells
  2. Enter endocrine cells
  3. G cells
  4. Chief cells

20. Saliva plays a defensive role by protecting surrounding tissues against pathogens that are either swallowed with food or residing within the digestive tract.

  1. False
  2. True

21. The liver is responsible for the storage and concentration of bile which is important for lipid digestion.

  1. True
  2. False

22. Inflammation of the gastric mucosa is:

  1. Esophagi is
  2. Gastro scope
  3. Gastritis
  4. Gastrectomy
  5. Gastroenteritis

23. A progressive condition resulting from erosion of the connections between the necks of teeth and the gingiva is:

  1. Plaque
  2. Pancreatitis
  3. Peritonitis
  4. Peptic ulcer
  5. Periodontal disease

24. Attachment and opening of the colon to the abdominal wall, bypassing the distal portion of the large intestine, is called:

  1. Cirrhosis
  2. Cholelithiasis
  3. Colitis
  4. Cholecystitis
  5. Colostomy

25. Which component of the GI system completes food digestion?

  1. Gallbladder
  2. Stomach
  3. Small intestine
  4. Large intestine

26. Segmentation and peristalsis can be triggered by pacesetter cells, hormones, chemicals and physical stimulation.

  1. True
  2. False

27. Choleliths is the medical terms for gallstones.

  1. True
  2. False

28. A barium enema is used to diagnose obstructions, tumors, or other abnormalities such as ulcerative colitis.

  1. True
  2. False

29. Inflammation of the intestine, especially of the colon, caused by chemical irritants, bacteria, or parasites, and characterized by diarrhea, colitis and abdominal cramps is:

  1. Ascites
  2. Cirrhosis
  3. Borborygmus
  4. Appendicitis
  5. Dysentery

30. A condition in which body weight exceeds the range of normal or healthy, and which is characterized as a body mass (BMI) greater than 25 is called:

  1. Morbid obesity
  2. Mild obesity
  3. Minor obesity
  4. Fatbutnottoofat
  5. Obesity

31. This procedure involves the excision of small, tumor like, benign growths (polyps) that project from a mucous membrane surface.

  1. Polypectomy
  2. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
  3. Lithotripsy
  4. Colostomy
  5. Bariatric surgery

32. A test performed on feces using a reagent gum to detect presence of blood that is not apparent on visual inspection is called:

  1. Barium swallow
  2. Cholangiography
  3. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
  4. Barium enema
  5. Stool guaiac

33. Formation of bulging pouches throughout the colon, but most commonly in the lower portion of the colon, is called:

  1. Fislula
  2. Hematochezia
  3. Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  4. Diverticular disease
  5. Hemorrhoid

34. The backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus due to malfunction of the lower esophageal sphincter is known as:

  1. Fistula
  2. Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  3. Diverticular disease
  4. Hemorrhoid
  5. Hematochezia

35. Adisorderthat causes inflammation of the intestines is called:

  1. Inflammatory bowel disease
  2. Crohn disease
  3. Hernia
  4. Irritable bowel syndrome
  5. Ulcerative colitis

36. Any group of procedures to treat morbid obesity is called:

  1. Nasogastric intubation
  2. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
  3. Vertical banded gastroplasty
  4. Lithotripsy
  5. Colostomy
  6. Polypectomy
  7. Bariatric surgery

37. The upper gastrointestinal tract contains the large and small intestines, the rectum and the anus.

  1. True
  2. False

38. A person who vomits blood is diagnosed with a condition known as gastroesophagitis.

  1. True
  2. False

39. A common colon disorder characterized by constipation, diarrhea, gas, and bloating that does not cause permanent damage to the colon is:

  1. Irritable bowel syndrome
  2. Crohn disease
  3. Ulcerative colitis
  4. Hernia
  5. Inflammatory bowel disease

40. Which d–gs neutralize acids in the stomach?

  1. Laxatives
  2. Antidiarrheals
  3. Antiemetics
  4. Antacids

Digestive System Objective Questions with Answers Pdf Download

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *