300+ TOP Ear and Eye MCQs with Answers Quiz Exam Pdf

Ear and Eye MCQs :-

1. What is a degenerative disease due mainly to the aging process in which the lens of the eye becomes progressively cloudy, causing decreased vision?

  • Astigmatism
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Achromatopsia
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Cataract

2. What is the breakdown of tissues in the macula, resulting in loss of central vision, called?

  • Hordeolum
  • Photophobia
  • Macular degeneration
  • Retinal detachment
  • Strabismus

3. What is a small, purulent, inflammatory infection of a sebaceous gland of the eyelid called?

  • Strabismus
  • Retinal detachment
  • Macular degeneration
  • Hordeolum
  • Photophobia

4. What is an inflammation of the eye that can be caused by bacteria, allergy, irritation, or a foreign body?

  • Cataract
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Achromatopsia
  • Astigmatism

5. What is the refractive disorder in which excessive curvature of the cornea or lens causes light to be scattered over the retina, rather than focused on a single point, resulting in a distorted image?

  • Astigmatism
  • Cataract
  • Achromatopsia
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Diabetic retinopathy

6. What is the muscular eye disorder in which the eyes turn from the normal position so that they deviate In different directions?

  • Macular degeneration
  • Retinal detachment
  • Photophobia
  • Hordeolum
  • Strabismus

7. What is unusual intolerance and sensitivity to light that occurs in such disorders as meningitis, eye inflammation, measures, and rubella, called?

  • Retinal detachment
  • Photophobia
  • Macular degeneration
  • Strabismus
  • Hordeolum

8. What is a rare disorder of the ear characterized by progressive deafness, vertigo, and tinnitus, possibly due to swelling of membranous structures within the labyrinth?

  • Otitis media
  • Otosclerosis
  • Meniere disease
  • Tinnitus
  • Vertigo

9. What test measures hearing acuity at various sound frequencies?

  • Visual acuity test
  • Otoscopy
  • Tonometry
  • Audiometry
  • Tuning fork test

10. What is the condition where there is deviation of the visual axis of one eye toward the other eye, resulting in diplopia (also called cross-eye)?

  • Esotropia
  • Photophobia
  • Exotropia
  • Macular degeneration
Ear and Eye MCQs
Ear and Eye MCQs

11. Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that includes the medical and surgical management of patients with disorders of the ear, nose and throat (ENT).

  • True
  • False

12. Drugs that dilate the pupil to prepare the eye for an internal examination are called mydriatics.

  • True
  • False

13. Which procedure uses an instrument that produces a constant pitch when struck to assess nerve and bone conduction of sound?

  • Tonometry
  • Audiometry
  • Otoscopy
  • Tuning fork test
  • Visual acuity test

14. What general procedure is used to remove a lens of the eye affected by a cataract?

  • Indectomy
  • Laser iridotomy
  • Laser photocoagulation
  • Cataract surgery
  • Phacoemulsification

15. What procedure implants an electronic transmitter into the cochlea of a deaf person to restore hearing?

  • Myringoplasty
  • Myringotomy
  • Cochlear implant

16. A cosmetic procedure to remove wrinkles from the eyelid is called blepharoptosis.

  • True
  • False

17. What is ringing or tinkling noise heard constantly or intermittently in one or both ears, even in a quiet environment?

  • Otosclerosis
  • Otitis media
  • Meniere disease
  • Tinnitus
  • Vertigo

18. What is the standard eye examination to determine the smallest letters a person can read on a chart?

  • Tonometry
  • Visual acuity test
  • Tuning fork test
  • Otoscopy
  • Audiometry

19. Which of the following terms means total deafness or complete hearing loss?

  • Sensorineural
  • Presbycusis
  • Conductive
  • Anacusis

20. Opticians examine and test eyes for visual defects and prescribe corrective lenses.

  • True
  • False

21. What is the sensation of moving around in space or a feeling of spinning or dizziness that usually results from inner ear structure damage associated with balance and equilibrium?

  • Vertigo
  • Otitis media
  • Tinnitus
  • Meniere disease
  • Otosclerosis

22. What is progressive deafness due to ossification in the bony labyrinth of the inner ear called?

  • Tinnitus
  • Otitis media
  • Otosclerosis
  • Vertigo
  • Meniere disease

23. What procedure involves the surgical repair of a perforated eardrum with a tissue graft to correct hearing loss?

  • Cochlear implant
  • Myringoplasty
  • Myringotomy

24. What procedure uses a laser beam to seal leaking or hemorrhaging retina blood vessels and is used in the treatment of diabetic retinopathy?

  • Cataract surgery
  • Laser iridotomy
  • Phacoemulsification
  • Iridectomy
  • Laser photocoagulation

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