Long division in arithmetic is a common division algorithm suitable for multidigit number splitting that is easy enough to do by hand. It breaks down a problem with a division into a set of easier measures.
One number, called the dividend, is split by another, called the divisor, producing a result called the quotient, as in all division issues. It makes it possible to perform computations involving arbitrarily large numbers by following a series of simple steps. Chunking (also referred to as the method of partial quotients or the hangman method) is a less mechanical type of long division prominent in the United Kingdom that leads to a more holistic understanding of the process of division.
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Define Long Division
When you divide a large number (typically threedigits or more) by a twodigit (or more) number, the long division method is used. Similar to short division (the ‘bus stop’ technique), it is set out. Long division does not use the division slash or division sign symbols in Englishspeaking countries but instead constructs a tableau. The divisor is separated by a right parenthesis from the dividend (or vertical bar); the dividend is separated by a vinculum from the quotient (i.e., an overbar). Long division is a mathematical operation which allows you to use a pencil and paper to perform complex division problems. The more complicated problem is broken down into simpler measures. With the advancements in computers and calculators, the need to know long division has faded. It is a valuable ability to have, however, and an outstanding way to exercise the brain.
Long Division Steps
In solving a long division problem, there are four main steps:

Division.

Multiplying.

Minus.

Drop the last digit.
Long division is a method where the aim of each step is to simplify the next step, with each step we acquire one digit of the quotient and by the end of the process, we get the quotient.
Step 1: Divide the dividend of ten columns by the divisor.
Step 2: In the ten position column, multiply the divider by the quotient.
Step 3: Subtract the divider from the element.
Step 4: In the column, put the dividend down and repeat.
Step 5: To keep it simple, start with onedigit dividers and twodigit dividends.
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Division Types

Chunking: In primary school mathematics education, chunking (sometimes also referred to as the form of partial quotients) is an elementary approach to solving basic division issues by repeated subtraction. With the addition of a line separating the divisor, dividend, and partial quotients, it is also known as the hangman form. It also has a counterpart for multiplication in the grid method.

Formal Long Division: Long division helps to split the problem of division into a series of simpler steps. A large number, which is the dividend, is divided by another number, which is called the divisor, just like all division problems, to give a result called the quotient and sometimes a remainder.
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Long Division Examples
1. Using Long division, solve the following :

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