250+ TOP MCQs on Sensitivity of Wheatstone Bridge and Answers

Electrical Measurements & Measuring Instruments Multiple Choice Questions on “Sensitivity of Wheatstone Bridge”.

1. When the bridge is balanced, what is the current flowing through the galvanometer?
a) 0
b) depends on the ratio arms R1 and R2
c) varies by a factor of 2
d) depends on the type of null detector used
Answer: a
Clarification: Under bridge balance condition, no current flows through the galvanometer. Current flow is independent of the values of ratio arms R1 and R2.

2. Amount of deflection of the galvanometer depends on _________
a) resistance of the ratio arms
b) sensitivity
c) current flowing through the bridge
d) emf across the circuit
Answer: b
Clarification: The amount of deflection of the galvanometer depends upon its sensitivity. Resistance of the ratio arms does not affect the amount of deflection of the galvanometer.

3. Sensitivity is defined as _________
a) amount of voltage per unit current
b) amount of power per unit voltage
c) amount of resistance per unit voltage
d) amount of deflection per unit current
Answer: d
Clarification: Sensitivity is expressed as
Thus sensitivity is defined as the amount of deflection per unit current.

4. Sensitivity is expressed in _________
a) cm/A
b) m/mA
c) mm/µA
d) inch/nA
Answer: c
where, deflection is in mm and current is in µA.
So the unit of sensitivity is mm/ µA.

5. What is the relation between the sensitivity and deflection for a galvanometer?
a) directly proportional
b) inversely proportional
c) independant of each other
d) depends on the type of galvanometer used
Answer: a
Thus we see that sensitivity is directly proportional to the deflection.