[PDF Notes] Some important facts on Textiles—synthetic or man made

1.These are in great demand because they are cheaper, more durable, stronger and of greater variety.

2. Synthetic fibres are of two types: Cellulose (rayon and acetate) and non-cellulose (nylon and polyester).

3. Raw materials from which they are made: Rayon – wood pulp

Nylon – coal

Terylene – oil

4. Basic raw materials for producing synthetic fibres are:

(a) Caustic soda

(b) Sodium sulphate

(c) Sulphuric acid.

5. Main areas of production are:

Nylon – Kerala, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh

Rayon – Ahmedabad, Surat, Amritsar.

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